created when our hearts invest in something we most desire to happen.


created from a perception of loss.


created from fear of future threats.


created when a hope is lost.


created by “fear of loss due to the rivalry of another”.


created by a perception that we have “caused undue harm or distress to another”. It motivates us to stop what we’re doing and give back to victims.


created by identifying with another persons’ experience – especially when they’re expressing emotions of distress whereupon it motivates us to give aid.


created when danger is perceived, fear is the oldest and most unreasonable of the emotions, yet its aim is always to prevent harm.


the ability to act or stand one’s ground when fear is present. Often mistakenly thought of as the absense of fear, yet this is false. Overcoming the fear created by dangerous circumstances is courageous.


created by a perception of injustice to motivate us to stop unjust things (e.g. abuse) from happening to one’s self or others. It’s classed as a moral emotion.


created when we perceive someone has helped us or someone for whom we care. Potent anti-stress hormones and neurotransmitters, such as oxytocin, are found in those who experience it. The effects can last days or even weeks.


is an innate expression of rejection. It evolved from a simple rejection of toxic foodstuffs and now includes such things as the psychological appreciation of behaviour and the subsequent rejection of detrimental habits.


an overwhelming wonder at an impersonal, external event. Whereas admiration appreciated telents, amazement appreciates how something is physically possible – such as a majestic thunderstorm or space shuttle launch.


an expression of extreme fear.


a mixture of guilt and regret that stems from the recognition of one’s offence. Remorse is a social emotion, and the infinitely unfortunate thing is that it’s always preceded by an offence.


created by being degraded by others in public.