Hate is passionate dislike, and it can be applied to anything or anyone.

The physical expressions of hate are far from uniform. They seem to be an idiosyncratic mixture of contempt and fury. Often the mouth is closed with a moderate pout as the upper lip is braced against the teeth. This stretches the nostrils into an open posture that enables the person to breathe more freely through the nose. Yet almost contradicting this movement, the upper lip moves forward and moderately up causing a partial shutting of the nostrils. The first flared nostril expression is associated with anger, fury and ferocity whilst the second is associated with contempt. This gives an impression that the instinct is to fight what one finds repugnant and wants to avoid. Glaring down one’s nose intensely is a common expression of hate which suggests a strong connection with contempt, and this makes a lot of sense, for contempt is an emotion of rejection. Although it’s clear that hate is employed by ideological people to punish those who are perceived to contravene their beliefs.

The list of things that people can hate is endless: men, women, men and women, washing up, watching action movies, right-wing politics, left-wing politics, those who occupy the middle ground; et cetera.
People’s most hated things are often passed on to them from their families or the environments where they spend most of their time. Social pressure is a significant reason for why people hate the things that they do. Ultimately, people’s hatred for different things can seriously hinder how well they get on in life.
If resentment is felt towards someone many times, it can develop into hatred. People can inherit views that bias their perception of the world and make them feel mistreated or disrespected. These perceptions may be true or false, but in either case they are troublesome. The troublesome thing about hate is that people do not allow themselves to like the things they hate. That is not to say they would not like them, only that they will not allow for a situation to occur where they begin to like something or someone they hate. In this vein, people deny anything positive to be associated with the things they hate.

Hate does not necessarily describe ill-will towards someone or something, and it’s different from malice and malevolence, yet especially when it’s created from resentment, hate can include a punitive will motivated by malicious revenge. Ill intent is often meant when hatred is expressed, and this would more accurately be described as malicious hatred, for hate is also often used only to describe an extreme dislike for someone or something. Regardless of the underlying reasons, the word hate is frequently used to express the things people want nothing to do with.


Ancient Greek. Kedos = care, trouble, sorrow.

1. Passionate or intense dislike.

2. To feel extreme hostility towards.